Buddy Rich(1917-1987),一个著名的鼓手。他自学爵士鼓,在18个月大小的时候就已经在一个叫做“Traps,the Drum Woner"的综艺节目中演奏。1945年到1947年,他曾组建过一支略带波普风格的乐队,但是乐队并不受欢迎。随后又与爱乐爵士乐团一起巡回演出,与无数50年代的全明星一起为Verve乐队录音。   简介   如果说到技术,速度,力量,还有将无法想象的solo结合在一起的能力,Buddy Rich(1917-1987),一定在“世界上最伟大的鼓手”的名单上。虽然其他一些鼓手更具有革新的精神,但是即便是在早期的时候,也没有一个人能真正的与他在同一档次上。   Buddy Rich,一个天才,在他只有18个月大小的时候就已经在一个叫做“Traps,the Drum Woner"的综艺节目中演奏爵士鼓了;他完全是靠自学成材。Buddy Rich的整个童年都在一些综艺节目中演奏并且成长为一名不错的歌手和踢踏舞演员。但是,演奏鼓却是他生活的真正目的,而且在1938年的时候他已经发现了爵士乐的魅力,并开始在Joe Marsala的乐队中演奏。Buddy Rich很快促进了Bunny Berigan's管弦乐队,在1939年的大多数时间里,他都与Artie Shaw一起表演(这个乐手曾一度拥有最流行的摇摆乐队),接下来,在1939年到1945年(除了军队的纪律限制)Buddy Rich与Tommy Dorsey一起创造了历史。在这一个时期内,Buddy Rich已经成为公认的鼓王,很快取代了他的朋友Gene Krupa在人们心中的地位。   组建乐队   Buddy Rich在1945年到1947年组建过一支略带波普风格的乐队,但是乐队并不受欢迎,与爱乐爵士乐团一起巡回演出,与无数50年代的全明星一起为Verve乐队录音(包括 Charlie Parker ,Lester Young,Art Tatum,andLionel Hampton),也与Les Brown,Charlie Ventura,Tommy Dorsey(1954-1955),还有Harry James(间断地,在1953到1966年之间)一起合作。1959年,一次心脏病发作击倒了Buddy Rich,虽然他当时正努力成为一名全职的歌手,Rich从未放弃鼓。1966年,Buddy Rich战胜了不幸,并将一支成功的爵士大乐队组合在一起,作为他最后20年的努力。1983年,Rich的心脏病又开始给他带来麻烦,但是Rich还是在音乐上投入百分之百的热情,并且仍然不断提升着自己直到最后。   Buddy Rich,一个完美的人,即使是他身边的人也这么认为,这在Mel Torme的书Traps the Drum Wonder中可以得到证明。   Early life   Rich was born in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn to Jewish-American parents Bess (née Skolnik) and Robert Rich, both vaudevillians.6 His talent for rhythm was first noted by his father, who saw that Rich could keep a steady beat with spoons at the age of one. He began playing drums in vaudeville when he was 18 months old, billed as "Baby Traps the Drum Wonder". At the peak of his childhood career, he was the second-highest paid child entertainer in the world after Jackie Coogan.   At age 11, he was performing as a bandleader. He received no formal drum instruction and went so far as to claim that instruction would only degrade his musical talent. He also never admitted to practicing, claiming to play the drums only during performances and was not known to read music.   Jazz career   Rich first played jazz with a major group in 1937 with Joe Marsala and guitarist Jack Lemaire. He then played with Bunny Berigan (1938) and Artie Shaw (1939), and even instructed a 14-year-old Mel Brooks in drumming for a short period when playing for Shaw.At 21, Rich participated in his first major recording with the Vic Schoen Orchestra (the band that backed the Andrews Sisters).In 1938 he was hired to play in Tommy Dorsey's orchestra, where he met and performed with Frank Sinatra. In 1942 Rich left the Dorsey band to join the United States Marine Corps, in which he served as a judo instructor, never saw combat, and was discharged due to medical reasons. He rejoined the Dorsey group after leaving the Marines two years later. In 1946 Rich formed his own band with financial support from Sinatra, and continued to lead different groups on and off until the early 1950s.   In addition to Tommy Dorsey (1939–42, 1945, 1954–55), Rich also played with Benny Carter (1942), Harry James (1953–56–62, 1964, 1965), Les Brown, Charlie Ventura, and Jazz at the Philharmonic, as well as leading his own band and performing with all-star groups including Charlie Parker and his Orchestra featuring Dizzy Gillespie and Thelonious Monk (on the Bird and Diz masterpiece album, 1950). In the early '50s, Rich played with Dorsey and began to perform with trumpeter Harry James, an association which lasted until 1966. In 1966 Rich left James to develop a new big band. For most of the period from 1966 until his death, he led successful big bands in an era when the popularity of big bands had waned from their 1930s and 1940s peak. In this later period, Rich continued to play clubs, but stated in multiple interviews that the great majority of his big bands' performances were at high schools, colleges, and universities, with club performances done to a much lesser degree. Rich also served as the session drummer for many recordings, where his playing was often much more understated than in his own big-band performances. Especially notable were Rich's sessions for recordings of Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong, on which he worked with pianist Oscar Peterson and his famous trio featuring bassist Ray Brown and guitarist Herb Ellis.In 1968 Rich collaborated with the Indian tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha in the studio album Rich à la Rakha by Buddy Rich and Alla Rakha.   West Side Story Suite   Perhaps his most popular later performance was a big-band arrangement of a medley derived from Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story, first released on the 1966 album Swingin' New Big Band. The "West Side Story Suite" is a complex big-band arrangement which highlights Rich's ability to blend the rhythm of his drumming into his band's playing of the musical chart. Penned by Bill Reddie, Rich received the West Side Story arrangement of Leonard Bernstein's melodies from the famed musical in the mid-1960s and found it challenging. It consists of many difficult sections which feature 4/4 and 6/8 time signatures; it took almost a month of constant rehearsals to perfect. It later became a staple in all his performances, clocking in at various lengths from seven to fifteen minutes. In 2002, a DVD was released called The Lost West Side Story Tapes that captured a 1985 performance of this along with other numbers.   Channel One Suite   After the "West Side Story Suite", Rich's most famous performance was the "Channel One Suite" by Bill Reddie. Like the "West Side Story Suite", the "Channel One Suite" generally was a quite long performance ranging from about 12 minutes to about 26 minutes and usually contained two or three drum solos. A recording of one of his live performances was released in January 2001, which contained a 26-minute "Channel One Suite".   A live recording of the "Channel One Suite" is featured on the 1968 Buddy Rich Big Band album, Mercy, Mercy, recorded at Caesars Palace in 1968. The album received acclaim as the "finest all-round recording by Buddy Rich's big band".   TV appearances   In the 1950s Rich was a frequent guest on The Steve Allen Show and other television variety shows.Beginning in 1962, Rich was a frequent guest on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and The Merv Griffin Show, among others, and appeared with his big band on British television, on Michael Parkinson's talk show Parkinson and on the Terry Wogan Show (the last time on October 29, 1986, several months before Rich's death). Rich starred in a 1967 summer replacement television series called Away We Go along with singer Buddy Greco and comedian George Carlin.   In 1973 PBS broadcast and syndicated Rich's February 6, 1973, performance at the Top of the Plaza in Rochester, New York. It was the first time thousands of drummers were exposed to Buddy in a full-length concert setting, and many drummers continue to name this program as a prime influence on their own playing.One of his most widely seen television performances was in a 1981 episode of The Muppet Show, in which he engaged Muppet drummer "Animal" (played by Ronnie Verrell) in a drum battle.Rich's famous televised drum battles also included Gene Krupa, Ed Shaughnessy and Louie Bellson.   On an episode of Michael Parkinson's British talk show, Parkinson kidded Rich about his Donny Osmond kick, by claiming that Rich was the president of The Osmonds' fan club.   Personal life   Rich was married to Marie Allison, a dancer and showgirl on April 24, 1953, until his 1987 death. The marriage produced one child in 1954, daughter Cathy, who later became a vocalist and carried on her father's band. Rich was also cousin of actor Jonathan Haze.   Honor   In 1980 Buddy Rich was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music.   On September 30, 2017, Buddy Rich was honored with a Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars. This was on the occasion of the Centennial of his birth 30 September 2017. The address of the star is 124 S. Canyon Dr., Palm Springs, CA.   Death   Buddy Rich continued touring and performing until the end of his life. In early March 1987 he was touring in New York when he was hospitalized after suffering a paralysis on his left side that physicians initially believed had been caused by a stroke. He was transferred to California to UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles for tests, where doctors discovered and removed a brain tumor on March 16. He was discharged a week later, but had been receiving daily chemotherapy treatments at the hospital when, on April 2, 1987, Rich died of sudden, unexpected respiratory and cardiac failure after his treatment for the malignant brain tumor. His wife Marie and daughter Cathy, buried him in the outdoor crypt in the Sanctuary of Tranquility corridor at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles.He was 69.
  Buddy Rich(1917-1987),一个著名的鼓手。他自学爵士鼓,在18个月大小的时候就已经在一个叫做“Traps,the Drum Woner"的综艺节目中演奏。1945年到1947年,他曾组建过一支略带波普风格的乐队,但是乐队并不受欢迎。随后又与爱乐爵士乐团一起巡回演出,与无数50年代的全明星一起为Verve乐队录音。   简介   如果说到技术,速度,力量,还有将无法想象的solo结合在一起的能力,Buddy Rich(1917-1987),一定在“世界上最伟大的鼓手”的名单上。虽然其他一些鼓手更具有革新的精神,但是即便是在早期的时候,也没有一个人能真正的与他在同一档次上。   Buddy Rich,一个天才,在他只有18个月大小的时候就已经在一个叫做“Traps,the Drum Woner"的综艺节目中演奏爵士鼓了;他完全是靠自学成材。Buddy Rich的整个童年都在一些综艺节目中演奏并且成长为一名不错的歌手和踢踏舞演员。但是,演奏鼓却是他生活的真正目的,而且在1938年的时候他已经发现了爵士乐的魅力,并开始在Joe Marsala的乐队中演奏。Buddy Rich很快促进了Bunny Berigan's管弦乐队,在1939年的大多数时间里,他都与Artie Shaw一起表演(这个乐手曾一度拥有最流行的摇摆乐队),接下来,在1939年到1945年(除了军队的纪律限制)Buddy Rich与Tommy Dorsey一起创造了历史。在这一个时期内,Buddy Rich已经成为公认的鼓王,很快取代了他的朋友Gene Krupa在人们心中的地位。   组建乐队   Buddy Rich在1945年到1947年组建过一支略带波普风格的乐队,但是乐队并不受欢迎,与爱乐爵士乐团一起巡回演出,与无数50年代的全明星一起为Verve乐队录音(包括 Charlie Parker ,Lester Young,Art Tatum,andLionel Hampton),也与Les Brown,Charlie Ventura,Tommy Dorsey(1954-1955),还有Harry James(间断地,在1953到1966年之间)一起合作。1959年,一次心脏病发作击倒了Buddy Rich,虽然他当时正努力成为一名全职的歌手,Rich从未放弃鼓。1966年,Buddy Rich战胜了不幸,并将一支成功的爵士大乐队组合在一起,作为他最后20年的努力。1983年,Rich的心脏病又开始给他带来麻烦,但是Rich还是在音乐上投入百分之百的热情,并且仍然不断提升着自己直到最后。   Buddy Rich,一个完美的人,即使是他身边的人也这么认为,这在Mel Torme的书Traps the Drum Wonder中可以得到证明。   Early life   Rich was born in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn to Jewish-American parents Bess (née Skolnik) and Robert Rich, both vaudevillians.6 His talent for rhythm was first noted by his father, who saw that Rich could keep a steady beat with spoons at the age of one. He began playing drums in vaudeville when he was 18 months old, billed as "Baby Traps the Drum Wonder". At the peak of his childhood career, he was the second-highest paid child entertainer in the world after Jackie Coogan.   At age 11, he was performing as a bandleader. He received no formal drum instruction and went so far as to claim that instruction would only degrade his musical talent. He also never admitted to practicing, claiming to play the drums only during performances and was not known to read music.   Jazz career   Rich first played jazz with a major group in 1937 with Joe Marsala and guitarist Jack Lemaire. He then played with Bunny Berigan (1938) and Artie Shaw (1939), and even instructed a 14-year-old Mel Brooks in drumming for a short period when playing for Shaw.At 21, Rich participated in his first major recording with the Vic Schoen Orchestra (the band that backed the Andrews Sisters).In 1938 he was hired to play in Tommy Dorsey's orchestra, where he met and performed with Frank Sinatra. In 1942 Rich left the Dorsey band to join the United States Marine Corps, in which he served as a judo instructor, never saw combat, and was discharged due to medical reasons. He rejoined the Dorsey group after leaving the Marines two years later. In 1946 Rich formed his own band with financial support from Sinatra, and continued to lead different groups on and off until the early 1950s.   In addition to Tommy Dorsey (1939–42, 1945, 1954–55), Rich also played with Benny Carter (1942), Harry James (1953–56–62, 1964, 1965), Les Brown, Charlie Ventura, and Jazz at the Philharmonic, as well as leading his own band and performing with all-star groups including Charlie Parker and his Orchestra featuring Dizzy Gillespie and Thelonious Monk (on the Bird and Diz masterpiece album, 1950). In the early '50s, Rich played with Dorsey and began to perform with trumpeter Harry James, an association which lasted until 1966. In 1966 Rich left James to develop a new big band. For most of the period from 1966 until his death, he led successful big bands in an era when the popularity of big bands had waned from their 1930s and 1940s peak. In this later period, Rich continued to play clubs, but stated in multiple interviews that the great majority of his big bands' performances were at high schools, colleges, and universities, with club performances done to a much lesser degree. Rich also served as the session drummer for many recordings, where his playing was often much more understated than in his own big-band performances. Especially notable were Rich's sessions for recordings of Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong, on which he worked with pianist Oscar Peterson and his famous trio featuring bassist Ray Brown and guitarist Herb Ellis.In 1968 Rich collaborated with the Indian tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha in the studio album Rich à la Rakha by Buddy Rich and Alla Rakha.   West Side Story Suite   Perhaps his most popular later performance was a big-band arrangement of a medley derived from Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story, first released on the 1966 album Swingin' New Big Band. The "West Side Story Suite" is a complex big-band arrangement which highlights Rich's ability to blend the rhythm of his drumming into his band's playing of the musical chart. Penned by Bill Reddie, Rich received the West Side Story arrangement of Leonard Bernstein's melodies from the famed musical in the mid-1960s and found it challenging. It consists of many difficult sections which feature 4/4 and 6/8 time signatures; it took almost a month of constant rehearsals to perfect. It later became a staple in all his performances, clocking in at various lengths from seven to fifteen minutes. In 2002, a DVD was released called The Lost West Side Story Tapes that captured a 1985 performance of this along with other numbers.   Channel One Suite   After the "West Side Story Suite", Rich's most famous performance was the "Channel One Suite" by Bill Reddie. Like the "West Side Story Suite", the "Channel One Suite" generally was a quite long performance ranging from about 12 minutes to about 26 minutes and usually contained two or three drum solos. A recording of one of his live performances was released in January 2001, which contained a 26-minute "Channel One Suite".   A live recording of the "Channel One Suite" is featured on the 1968 Buddy Rich Big Band album, Mercy, Mercy, recorded at Caesars Palace in 1968. The album received acclaim as the "finest all-round recording by Buddy Rich's big band".   TV appearances   In the 1950s Rich was a frequent guest on The Steve Allen Show and other television variety shows.Beginning in 1962, Rich was a frequent guest on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and The Merv Griffin Show, among others, and appeared with his big band on British television, on Michael Parkinson's talk show Parkinson and on the Terry Wogan Show (the last time on October 29, 1986, several months before Rich's death). Rich starred in a 1967 summer replacement television series called Away We Go along with singer Buddy Greco and comedian George Carlin.   In 1973 PBS broadcast and syndicated Rich's February 6, 1973, performance at the Top of the Plaza in Rochester, New York. It was the first time thousands of drummers were exposed to Buddy in a full-length concert setting, and many drummers continue to name this program as a prime influence on their own playing.One of his most widely seen television performances was in a 1981 episode of The Muppet Show, in which he engaged Muppet drummer "Animal" (played by Ronnie Verrell) in a drum battle.Rich's famous televised drum battles also included Gene Krupa, Ed Shaughnessy and Louie Bellson.   On an episode of Michael Parkinson's British talk show, Parkinson kidded Rich about his Donny Osmond kick, by claiming that Rich was the president of The Osmonds' fan club.   Personal life   Rich was married to Marie Allison, a dancer and showgirl on April 24, 1953, until his 1987 death. The marriage produced one child in 1954, daughter Cathy, who later became a vocalist and carried on her father's band. Rich was also cousin of actor Jonathan Haze.   Honor   In 1980 Buddy Rich was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music.   On September 30, 2017, Buddy Rich was honored with a Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars. This was on the occasion of the Centennial of his birth 30 September 2017. The address of the star is 124 S. Canyon Dr., Palm Springs, CA.   Death   Buddy Rich continued touring and performing until the end of his life. In early March 1987 he was touring in New York when he was hospitalized after suffering a paralysis on his left side that physicians initially believed had been caused by a stroke. He was transferred to California to UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles for tests, where doctors discovered and removed a brain tumor on March 16. He was discharged a week later, but had been receiving daily chemotherapy treatments at the hospital when, on April 2, 1987, Rich died of sudden, unexpected respiratory and cardiac failure after his treatment for the malignant brain tumor. His wife Marie and daughter Cathy, buried him in the outdoor crypt in the Sanctuary of Tranquility corridor at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles.He was 69.
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Buddy Rich
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